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How to encode Apple ProRes on Windows or Linux?

As of December 2018, Adobe Creative Cloud aps, such as Premier, After Effects and Adobe Media Encoder give you the ability to encode in ProRes without any post-hoc conversion. If you don't use Adobe ...
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13 votes
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H.264 or VP9 for encoding for YouTube?

tl;dr: Since Youtube reencodes all videos regardless of the upload format, it really isn't that important. Just export your video with a high bitrate to preserve quality. Also see my answer here ...
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  • 5,382
7 votes

H.264 or VP9 for encoding for YouTube?

YouTube will re-encode whatever you give it. VP9 is currently too slow to encode. So the best choice is to either: Give it the original footage, or if it is not accepted by YouTube or is too big to ...
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  • 9,169
6 votes

Can H264 achieve "equivalence" with ProRes 422?

Has anyone done or seen any tests comparing Apple ProRes 422 with high-bitrate H.264? No, but I can tell you that x264 can get as close to lossless as you want (or even mathematically lossless, with -...
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6 votes
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Can H264 achieve "equivalence" with ProRes 422?

Well going by the numbers h264 has a lesser bit-depth and color accuracy than ProRes 422. PR422 has 10bit and 4:2:2 chroma sub-sampling, h264 has 8bit and 4:2:0 unless you encode in the Hi422P Intra ...
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  • 7,079
4 votes

How to encode Apple ProRes on Windows or Linux?

I've tried a bunch of front ends for ffmpeg and finally settled on Tencoder. Widows only. It has a preset for ProRes and is very easy to customize so you can crete setting for often used formats or ...
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4 votes
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Is MP4 a valid or common container for ProRes?

No, officially, ProRes is not a registered codec for the ISOBMFF family, of which MP4 is a member.
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3 votes
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Are ffmpeg prores files reliable enough to be used in production/broadcast environment?

I've had no problems producing prores 422 HQ .mov files with ffmpeg on my Windows machine for Mac-encumbered clients, including delivery to TV Networks for broadcast. I have had some problems with ...
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3 votes
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What are the differences between the three bundled ffmpeg prores encoders?

I found the following explanation on the ffmpeg wiki: Fmpeg comes with 3 different prores encodes: "prores", "prores_ks" (formerly named "prores_kostya") and "prores_aw" (formerly named "...
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3 votes
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Converting MLV to Prores

I'd pick something that looks flat and unsaturated. Those are usually the ones designed to retain detail. If you see clog or slog2, those are good. Rec 709 will throw out info, so don't use that. ...
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3 votes

How to encode Apple ProRes on Windows or Linux?

On Windows, I recommend FootageStudio 4K. It is a commercial converter (not cheap) that supports many professional formats, including ProRes.
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  • 1,139
3 votes

How to encode Apple ProRes on Windows or Linux?

This is the command line I have used to encode ProRes 4444. If you do not include -bits_per_mb you will get low res results in Windows 10. Many posts do not mention this little aspect. ffmpeg -y -f ...
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2 votes

Batch splitting ProRes into equal-length segments

I would use ffmpeg. Just write a sript in any scripting language you prefer and tell ffmpeg to encode new files depending on the total duration of the source file and let it only encode a certain ...
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  • 7,079
2 votes
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Bad quality encodes to Prores4444 with alpha from ffmpeg

Looks to be an encoder deficit, probably due to the rapid transition in the alpha from 1 to 0 in the border regions. Outputting to VP9 with alpha produces a clean result as does outputting to prores ...
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  • 30k
2 votes

Source ProRes 422 Proxy / Edit / Export to ProRes 422 proxy?

Definitely proRes 422HQ. While you won't gain anything by encoding in a higher quality codec, what you will do is avoid losing more. Proxy codecs are just that: stand-ins for the real content, ...
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2 votes

White balance auto-adjusted half way through recording

A1: Links like these mention that ProRes 'bakes in' the white balance (as opposed to storing it as separate metadata): blackmagicdesign.com forum ; reduser.net forum ; reduser.net forum ; ...
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  • 141
1 vote

YouTube Upload Gamma Shift

I managed to get an acceptable result by exporting as Mov/Prores 4444 and a Timeline Colorspace of Rec 709 Gamma 2.2.
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1 vote

Convert ProRes RAW to CinemaDNG or Blackmagic RAW

A Czech film maker, Nikolaj Pognerebko, has created an Mac only app that will convert ProRes RAW to CinemaDNG for use in software such as Davinci Resolve. You can find it on the Apple App store here ...
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1 vote

Intra-frame H.264 / H.265 compared to DNxHR or Prores as intermediate codecs for editing

ProRes/CineForm/DNxHR caught on because of the platforms which decided to use them. Initially, H.264 didn't have 10-bit implementations and H.265 didn't exist. Those formats are made to hold up to ...
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  • 111
1 vote
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ffmpeg prores alpha channel not present when colormatrix and colorspace operations are performed

The colorspace and colormatrix filters don't handle alpha pixel formats, so those get stripped off. The workaround is to extract the alpha and then reattach it. ffmpeg -f image2 -framerate 24.0 -i ...
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1 vote
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ffmpeg colormatrix operations only for 8bpc?

Yes, as it says a couple of lines above, colormatrix supports only 8bpc (8-bit per component) pixel formats. So, when a 16-bit input is filtered with colormatrix, it will be converted to 8-bits. And ...
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  • 30k
1 vote

Can't tell if prores4444XQ is any different than prores4444 in ffmpeg 4.1

FFmpeg does have 12 bit pixel formats but the prores_ks encoder is limited to 10 bits. The 4444XQ profile features higher bitrates. Open a ticket at trac.ffmpeg,org, if you like.
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  • 30k
1 vote

Is footage recorded through external recorder really better?

Unless the DSLR/Mirrorless camera you are using outputs 10-bit 4:2:2, using an external recorder to up-convert the footage to ProRes HQ will not result in a better image quality than what the camera ...
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1 vote

ProRes444 Codec download process to Adobe Media Encoder

In Media Encoder you first need to select your destination format as Quicktime. From there you should be able to find ProRes 4444.
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1 vote
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Which gives better prores bmpcc or 600d with atomus nimja 2

First, understand that you are probably asking the wrong question. (I'll quickly answer it for you anyway -- the BMPCC's native 10-bit ProRes support is superior.) The real question is probably which ...
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  • 111
1 vote

FFMPEG prores_ks 4444 color shift

I believe the problem lies in how FFMPEG does the RGB->YUV conversion by default. This option specifies the use of the bt709 color space for the conversion, instead of the default of bt601. This ...
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1 vote
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ffmpeg concatenation introduces video stutter but does not affect audio

For some reason I think this is avoided when using ffmpeg's concat PROTOCOL (ffmpeg -i "concat:...") rather than its concat DEMUXER (ffmpeg -f concat -i mylist.txt). Oddly, it's also slightly more ...
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  • 151
1 vote
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Troubleshooting XDCAM import into Premirere Pro CC 2014

Since Adobe CS5 XDCAM files are supported natively, make sure the folder structure is the same like on your SXS Card, open up the Sony Clip Browser and try to load up the files - this should work ...
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  • 2,259
1 vote

Can't Import Video with Alpha to Premiere

Only Prores 4444 supports alpha channels, see the manual: The Apple ProRes 4444 codec offers the utmost possible quality for 4:4:4 sources and for workflows involving alpha channels. It seems to ...
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  • 6,287
1 vote
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Re-encoding Archival Movies

For such low quality footage (320 by 240 was quarter resolution even in the early 2000s), I'd probably go with DV format. It's a major video standard that, while not used much anymore (though HDV is ...
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