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The process and techniques used when storing moving images, sound, metadata and other streams as a digital file.

When video, audio and other data is represented as a digital file, the methods used to store the analogue and digital data is the Encoding.

This can include to decrease the size of the digital file and to make the file harder to read without a password.

Encoding is both a noun, meaning the method used, and a verb meaning the process of creating an encoded file.