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I'm going through specification of video cameras (Leica SL2 for example) and noticed that there are major diferences between the mov and mp4 capabilites.

From the codec point of view both are defined in the same way:

Video:

MP4: H.264/MPEG-4 AVC (Audio Format: 2ch 48 kHz/16 bit, AAC)

MOV: H.264/MPEG-4 AVC (Audio Format: 2ch 48 kHz/16 bit, AC-3)

But when we go into the next section, we will notice that 5K and C4K are not supported when mp4 is used.

Video resolution/frame rate

MOV 5K: 29.97 fps, 25 fps, 23.98 fps / MOV C4K: 59.94 fps, 50 fps, 29.97 fps, 25 fps, 24 fps / MOV 4K: 59.94 fps, 50 fps, 29.97 fps, 25 fps, 23.98 fps / MOV FHD: 180 fps, 150 fps, 120 fps, 100 fps, 59.94 fps, 50 fps, 29.97 fps, 25 fps, 23.98 fps / MP4 4 K: 59.94 fps, 50 fps, 29.97 fps, 25 fps, 23.98 fps / MP4 FHD: 180 fps, 150 fps, 120 fps, 100 fps, 59.94 fps, 50 fps, 29.97 fps, 25 fps, 23.98 fps

What might be the reason of that?

  • They both are just containers. They both produce the same quality if you're using the same codec. MOV and MP4 are mostly interchangeable. MP4 allows for adding some extra data. If you're wanting to edit. MOV might be better as the quality of the source from the camera would be better but the size would be much larger. As seen, usually the bitrate on MOV from apples compression algorithm is usually higher, resulting in more information. – Kyle Monti Mar 29 at 20:23

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