I understand there is a module built in FFmpeg which allows you to fade your clips in and out, however, no one really explains how to use the module with your own input. How do I simply fade both the audio and video in and out without re-encoding? (If that's possible)

2 Answers 2


Fading in is no problem, because you start from the timestamp 0 (or from other known timestamp or frame number), e.g. use:

ffmpeg -i input.mp4 -vf fade=in:0:d=5 -af afade=in:0:d=5 output.mp4

for 5-second fading in from the start of your clip.

Ignore the error

Only '-vf fade=in:0:d=5' read, ignoring remaining -vf options: Use ',' to separate filters

— see the answer of the question FFmpeg read, ignoring remaining -vf options: Use ',' to separate filters.

For fading out you have to subtract the time of fading out — e.g. 5 s — from the total duration of video or audio (you may find it with FFprobe). You got for example the timestamp 600 - 5 = 595 (from your 10-minutes long clip). Then add filters for fading out into the previous command:

ffmpeg -i input.mp4 -vf fade=in:0:d=5,fade=out:595:d=5 -af afade=in:0:d=5,afade=out=595:5 output.mp4


  1. Filtering always require re-encoding.
  2. As in and 0 are defaults, you may shorten the command to

    ffmpeg -i input.mp4 -vf fade=d=5,fade=out:595:d=5 -af afade=d=5,afade=out=595:5 output.mp4

You can not do fade out/in without reencoding.

  • Ah damn, how would I do with re-encoding?
    – ProTechXS
    Aug 14, 2019 at 17:24
  • @ProTechXS, You can't, technically impossible.
    – Mint
    Mar 20, 2022 at 3:44

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