I'm trying to use FFMpeg to adapt 4:3 (SD) to 16:9 (HD) and reverse function.

  1. When SD is converted to HD, I need to add pillarboxes around the content.
  2. When HD is converted to SD, I need to add textboxes.
  3. Reverse of 1, I need to remove the pillarbox to convert to SD.
  4. Reverse of 2, I need to remove the textbox to convert to HD.

For 1, I already found a solution:

ffmpeg -i input43.mp4 -vf "scale=640x480,setsar=1,pad=854:480:107:0" out43HD.mp4

But what are the commands to do 2, 3, and 4?


A small bit on terminology :- SD and HD refers to resolution - in the basic sense of the word, not dimensions. A given video can be wide or tall or square while being SD or HD. It's the legacy of television broadcast standards that SD content is 4:3 and HD 16:9 but display aspect ratio and visual definition aren't connected. That nitpick aside..

For 4:3 to 16:9 and back.

ffmpeg -i input43.mp4 -vf "scale=iw*sar:ih,setsar=1,pad=ih*16/9:ih:(ow-iw)/2:0" out43in169.mp4

ffmpeg -i out43in169.mp4 -vf "crop=ih*4/3:ih" backto43.mp4

For 16:9 to 4:3 and back.

ffmpeg -i input169.mp4 -vf "scale=iw*sar:ih,setsar=1,pad=iw:iw*3/4:0:(oh-ih)/2" out169in43.mp4

ffmpeg -i out169in43.mp4 -vf "crop=iw:iw*9/16" backto169.mp4

The crop filter automatically crops from the center of the input frame so it's not necessary to specify the x and y offsets. Audio is transcoded, always. Add -c:a copy to avoid that.

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  • Thanks. Video has to be encoded anyways, right? We can not use -c:v copy? – Tina J Dec 22 '18 at 14:59
  • Btw, does ffmpeg use multi-threading by default? I'm thinking how we can make it run faster. How about running on GPU?! – Tina J Dec 22 '18 at 15:01
  • 1
    FFmpeg does processing in multiple threads where possible. – Gyan Dec 22 '18 at 15:25
  • 1
    -c:v copy is not possible here. – Gyan Dec 22 '18 at 15:25
  • this is ok for 1 shot encoding when you eyeball control your input, in any batch stuff you should cropdetect first (nab.org/documents/resources/paperTandberg.pdf) and use logic for correct cropping/scaling the area of interest depending on your i/o dar, it can be quite pain in the butt in fact to automate it in a bulletproof way... – Boris Ka Dec 19 '19 at 14:59

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