I need to validate if a video file (HEVC encoded) is or is not an HDR video. I know that there are many HDR standards, but I did not find a way to identify it using mediainfo or ffprobe.

The need is because I have an API that receives several video profiles (different bitrates, dimensions and codecs) for a single video, which are used to deliver to users the best match based on their devices and connection speed. So now I want to allow them to select HDR profile but to achieve this I need first to validate the ingest files.

Do you know how to handle this?


Assuming your file is ${F}, the below is an efficient means I have been able to create:

COLORS=$(ffprobe -show_streams -v error "${F}" |egrep "^color_transfer|^color_space=|^color_primaries=" |head -3)
for C in $COLORS; do
        if [[ "$C" = "color_space="* ]]; then
        elif [[ "$C" = "color_transfer="* ]]; then
        elif [[ "$C" = "color_primaries="* ]]; then
if [ "${COLORSPACE}" = "bt2020nc" ] && [ "${COLORTRANSFER}" = "smpte2084" ] && [ "${COLORPRIMARIES}" = "bt2020" ]; then 
        echo ${F}

I use this inside a looping function to know when to use https://github.com/Fmstrat/ffmkv to create an SDR version of a video on one of the presets.

  • Note, this defaults to the top video stream. I use -select_stream when I need to be specific. And you'll want to reset the variables in a loop. – Fmstrat Oct 21 '19 at 13:48
  • So you assume that these parameters must be satisfied: ColorSpace = bt2020nc; ColorTransfer = smpte2084; ColorPrimaries = bt2020; Looks good. Thanks. – Douglas Lise Aug 18 '20 at 21:31

I've found how to get this information from color primaries attribute. Considering color primaries BT.2020 as a HDR video.

mediainfo video.mp4 --Inform="Video;%colour_primaries%"

In this example above, if the return of the command is BT.2020 so I consider the video as HDR. Otherwise SDR.

  • 1
    Technically, that will only determine if a video is WCG. To test for HDR-ness, you also need to check that the transfer function is one of the HDR flavors. – Jason Conrad Jan 6 '18 at 20:53
  • Nice to know @JasonConrad . So could I consider PQ and HLG as valid transfer functions for and HDR video? – Douglas Lise Apr 21 '18 at 2:17
  • 1
    Yes. I think that the color space, transfer function, and bit depth (HDR also needs to be 10 bits per channel) are enough to minimally qualify video as HDR, but there are different flavors and specifications. – Jason Conrad Apr 22 '18 at 7:10

Checking color_primaries is the right approach. I use ffprobe to get the JSON output. Then you can parse the JSON output instead of searching for a string in the normal output.

$ ffprobe -v error -show_streams -select_streams v:0 -of json -i test.mp4
    "streams": [
            "index": 0,
            "codec_name": "hevc",
            "codec_long_name": "H.265 / HEVC (High Efficiency Video Coding)",
            "color_transfer": "arib-std-b67",
            "color_primaries": "bt2020",
            "refs": 1,
            // …

Well, and yeah, all answers are wrong here. HDR is only the new transfer function, PQ or HLG. So that means you need to look into that, PQ is SMPTE 2084 and HLG is ARIB STD-B67.

Yes, 8 bit file tagged as PQ will be played as HDR.

Yes, 10 bit files tagged as BT.2020 transfer are SDR, because BT.2020 transfer is the same as BT.709 and BT.601. Moreover Rec. BT.2020 is SDR only spec., HDR was defined in BT.2100.

Yes, you need to color manage BT.2020 primaires to your primaries.

Yes, it is 0.0001 to 10000 nits, not 0.001 to 4000 in PQ.

Yes, BT.2390 EETF dynamical tone mapper is mandatory unless the master display is the same.

Yes, almost all movies are inside DCI-D65 inside BT.2020, only Planet Earth 2 is not and some others.

Yes, film and cameras supported HDR back in 1970s and Photo CD supported HDR and WCG.

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