In attempting to record in the highest quality on a JVC GC-PX100 camcorder, I've been recording 1080p video. Unfortunately, viewing the video upon edit shows very strong compression artifacts, which affect quality to the point that burning to DVD and burning to Blu-Ray end up with roughly the same results. The video was taken on a reasonable photo tripod, so the camera was definitely steady, and the bulk of the video was unmoving walls with detailed paintings.
Adobe Premiere Elements 11 is what I'm doing for editing, and I've just tried the Neat Video plugin. Unfortunately, while the default settings reduce the artifacts/noise in flat areas (cheeks, walls), but not along all edges (faces).
Essentially, the video is "crunchy", and that's visible on playback on a large TV.
Adobe Elements shows the .mts file from the camcorder is MPEG Movie, 1920x1080, frame rate 59.94, 48kHz audio, average data rate 3.3 MB/s (~34Mbit/s), pixel aspect ration 1.0.
VLC shows the .mts file from the camcorder is Codec H264 - MPEG-R AVC (part 10)(h264), 1920x1080, frame rate 59.940060, decoded format Planar 4:2:0 YUV, with A52 (aka AC3) 48kHz audio.
My goal is the highest quality result video, targeting Blu-Ray output. My budget can handle a plugin fee, but not a new camcorder (spent too much on the add-on microphone).
So my questions in particular are:
- Are there better settings to increase overall quality during recording?
- Are there better settings for Neat Video
- Is there another way to reduce compression artifacts in HD video taken by a good consumer camcorder?
EDITED TO ADD: AJ, Jim, thank you for your answers; they led me to the regrettable conclusion that my expectations are too high for any 1080p60 mode at 35Mbit, and no 1080p30/25/24 mode is available on my model.
Even after the usual firmware update, and a factory reset as recommended by JVC Customer Support, the video is "crunchier" than I like. There is no 1080p30 mode, unfortunately, and lesser modes have lesser bitrates as well.
After some experimentation, it appears that the AVCHD and MP4 1080p60 modes are more or less equivalent, with a possible slight edge to the AVCHD variant.
NeatVideo needs to have the plugin expanded and the Temporal Radius increased, as well as going into the settings to profile the video clip in question. Edges remain crunchy, and dedicated "reference" profile video appears necessary to get good results.
ffplay -vf showinfo, and look at the frame types. If you see any
type:B, then most of the blocks in each frame should just reference previous frames. Sounds like a bad choice of chips by JVC, assuming there are some HW encoders that don't suck quite as much, compared to x264.