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It is clapperboard: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Clapperboard used in filmmaking and video production to assist in the synchronizing of picture and sound, and to designate and mark particular scenes and takes recorded during a production
It sounds like you are describing shots. A scene is composed of one or more shots covering a consistent location and time. Each separate clip within the scene is simply referred to as a shot. The shot changes any time that the camera position is moved. Technically, if you are on a close up shot and cut to a wide angle and then cut back to a close up, ...
It's take or shot ("Einstellung" in German) and cut ("Schnitt")
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